Door Rams


Tactical Sling


Courts recognize that in executing a warrant, officers must, on occasion, damage property in order to perform their duties. The U.S. Supreme Court noted that a reasonable suspicion of exigent circumstances warrants entry by police officers to execute a search warrant, even if forced entry is required, which may result in damages to the premises. (U.S. v. Banks, 540 U.S. 31, 124 S. Ct. 521, 157 L. Ed. 2d 343 (2003))

However, if the amount of damage to a target’s property is excessive or results from malicious intent, constitutional and other claims may arise.

Door breaching is a process used by military, police, or emergency services to force open closed and/or locked doors. The need for forced entry is obvious to anyone with any patrol experience at all. To use a Door Ram effectively, you have to be trained. We all know that getting in the door quickly is paramount to a successful operation. cmcdoorram

A wide range of methods are available, one or more of which may be used in any given situation. The door ram has shown to cause the least amount of damage.

Breaching doors with a CMC Door Ram is not about the biggest strongest guy swinging the ram. Rather it is about properly swinging the ram and letting physics do the work, which is kinetic energy at its best.

You should have the proper weighted ram for the breacher. Although it should be obvious I will repeat here that you can only ram a door that swings in. Most doors on residential homes or apartments open inward. You find outward-opening doors on commercial buildings.

If the door you want to breach opens out you must use a different tool to pry or blow open the door. Most doors we breach will open in so we can use the door ram. The battering or door ram originated in ancient times and was designed to break open the masonry walls of fortifications or splinter their wooden gates.

In its simplest form, a battering or door ram was just a large, heavy log carried by several people and propelled with force against an obstacle; the ram would be sufficient to damage the target if the log was massive enough and/or it were moved quickly enough (that is, if it had enough momentum).

Many battering rams possessed curved or slanted wooden roofs and side-screens covered in protective materials, usually fresh wet hides, presumably skinned from animals eaten by the besiegers. These hide canopies stopped the ram from being set on fire. They also safeguarded the operators of the ram against arrow and spear volleys launched from above. The same thing we do today with shields.

Always protect the breacher with as much ballistic protection as possible. There should always be a point officer to cover the breacher(s). The ram may not penetrate the door but a bullet probably will. (Click here for more history)

When using a Door Ram you must open the door as expediently as possible. To stand in front of the door and keep hitting a lock makes your job more dangerous with every swing. It alerts the suspect to your entry point. If he doesn’t shoot through the door he may prepare a place of advantage for when the entry team comes through the narrow deadly funnel. (Watch a failed breach here)

The  Door Ram typically is made with high grade steel and is designed to be cast aside after the breach is made. It is sturdy enough to not damage the ram.

Some ideas for using the Door Ram. Each department needs to establish their own training plans and safety protocols.

Liability for damages is always an issue when we use a door ram. The IACP has a great article on liability when executing a no knock warrant. It applies to all entries. Read it here.



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